Friday, 17 January 2014


ETH Zürich (GermanEidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) is an engineering, science, technology, mathematics and management university in the city of ZürichSwitzerland. Like its sister institution Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), it is an integral part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain (ETH Domain) that is directly subordinate to Switzerland's Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research.
ETH Zürich is consistently ranked by all major World University rankings among the top universities in the world. It is considered the best university in continental Europe by the Shanghai Ranking ARWU, the Times Higher Education World University RankingsRanking and the QS World University Ranking. It is currently ranked 8th best university in the world in engineering, science and technology and 2nd in Europe after the University of Cambridge. Twenty-one Nobel Prizes have been awarded to students or professors of the Institute in the past, the most famous of which is Albert Einstein in 1921, and the most recent is Kurt Wüthrich in 2002. It is a founding member of the IDEA League and the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) and a member of theCESAER network.

The École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL, English: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne) is one of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology and is located in LausanneSwitzerland.
The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government with the stated mission to:
  • Educate engineers and scientists
  • Be a national center of excellence in science and technology
  • Provide a hub for interaction between the scientific community and industry
EPFL is located in the French-speaking part of Switzerland; the sister institution in the German-speaking part of Switzerland is theSwiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH Zurich). Associated with several specialised research institutes, the two universities form the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain (ETH Domain), which is directly dependent on the Federal Department of Home Affairs. In connection with research and teaching activities, EPFL operates a nuclear reactor CROCUS, aTokamak Fusion reactor, a Blue Gene/Q Supercomputer and P3 bio-hazard facilities.

The University of Zurich (UZHGermanUniversität Zürich), located in the city of Zurich, is the largest university in Switzerland, with over 26,000 students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theologylawmedicine and a new faculty of philosophy.
Currently, the university has faculties of artseconomicslawmedicinesciencetheology and veterinary medicine. The university claims to offer the widest range of subjects and courses at any Swiss higher education institution.

The University of Lausanne (UNIL, in French: Université de Lausanne) in LausanneSwitzerland was founded in 1537 as a school oftheology, before being made a university in 1890. Today about 12,000 students and 2200 researchers study and work at the university. Approximately 1500 international students attend the university, which has a wide curriculum including exchange programs with world renowned universities.
Since 2005, the University follows the requirements of the Bologna process. The 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked the University of Lausanne 116th globally. The University of Leiden ranked the University of Lausanne as a leading institution for research in Europe (5th) and globally (45th).
Together with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL) the university forms a vast campus at the shores of Lake Geneva.

The University of Geneva (FrenchUniversité de Genève, informally known as Geneva University or UNIGE) is a public research university located in GenevaSwitzerland. It was founded in 1559 by John Calvin, as a theological seminary and law school. It remained focused on theology until the 17th century, when it became a center for Enlightenment scholarship. In 1873, it dropped its religious affiliations and became officially secular. Today, the university is the second-largest university in Switzerland by number of students. In 2009, the University of Geneva celebrated the 450th anniversary of its founding.
UNIGE has programs in various fields but is particularly acknowledged for its academic and research programs in international relations (with Geneva being hostess to a dense agglomeration of international organizations), lawastrophysicsastronomygenetics(with a record of prominent contributions to the fields of planetary sciencegeneticsdevelopmental psychologyneuroscience, andtheology). The university holds and actively pursues teaching, research, and community service as its primary objectives. In 2011, it was ranked 73rd worldwide by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, and 69th in the QS World University Rankings.

The University of Basel (German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland, and is considered to be one of the leading universities in the country. In 2012, QS World University Rankings ranked the university 121st overall in the world, while two years before it was ranked 96–98th worldwide according to the Russian based Global University Ranking. In 2012, the ARWU ranked the university as the 85th best worldwide.

The University of Bern (GermanUniversität BernFrenchUniversité de BerneLatinUniversitas Bernensis) is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834. It is regulated and financed by the Canton of Bern. It is a comprehensive university offering a broad choice of courses and programmes in eight faculties and some 160 institutes. The university is an international leader in certain fields of research, such as space research. Teaching and research activities are conducted on aninterdisciplinary basis. For instance, the University of Bern is home to three of the National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South (sustainable development), Trade Regulation (international trade) and TransCure (membrane biology). The NCCR Climate (climate change research) has ended on March 31, 2013. The activities of the NCCR will bei continued by the Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research. With around 16,000 students, the University of Bern is a medium-sized Swiss university. Aside from the programmes and courses on offer, the attractions of the university include Bern's central location and quality of life, which is rated as one of the highest in the world.

The University of Fribourg (FrenchUniversité de FribourgGermanUniversität Freiburg) is a university in the city of Fribourg,Switzerland.
The roots of the University can be traced back to 1582, when the notable Jesuit Peter Canisius founded the Collège Saint-Michel in the City of Fribourg. In 1763, an Academy of law was founded by the state of Fribourg which formed the nucleus of the present Law Faculty. The University of Fribourg was finally created in 1889 by an Act of the parliament of the Swiss Canton of Fribourg.
Located directly at the language border between the French and German speaking parts of Switzerland, the University of Fribourg is Switzerland’s only bilingual university and offers full curricula in those two Swiss national languages. Students also have the possibility to choose a bilingual curriculum in both French and German and some programmes are taught in English. Traditionally, the university also attracts a strong contingent of students from the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland as well as many students from abroad. Students number about 10,000, there are about 240 tenured professors and 700 other academic teaching and research personnel. The Misericorde Campus, constructed between 1939–42, was designed by the architects Honegger and Dumas, students of the famous Swiss architect Le Corbusier and as such is deemed to be of major architectural importance. A second Campus for the sciences departments and laboratories was gradually developed in the “Pérolles” part of Fribourg during the 20th century. To accommodate a doubling of student numbers since 1980, a new, additional Campus complex “Pérolles 2”, designed by Büro B Architects, was inaugurated in 2005.




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